The orchid family is enormous! Moth orchids, also known as Phalaenopsis are the easiest to grow and their flowers last for many week. Here are some tips on keeping your orchid happy and healthy;
Provide adequate lighting
Moth orchids thrive in bright, indirect light. Place them near a window with filtered sunlight, but avoid exposing them to direct, harsh sunlight, as it can burn the leaves.
Maintain proper temperature and humidity
Moth orchids prefer temperatures between 65-80°F (18-27°C) during the day and slightly cooler temperatures at night. Additionally, they appreciate moderate humidity levels, so consider using a humidifier or placing the pot on a tray with water and pebbles.
Overwatering is a common cause of orchid demise. Water your moth orchid only when the top inch of the potting medium feels dry to the touch. Use room temperature water and ensure that excess water drains out completely. Avoid leaving the orchid sitting in standing water, as it can lead to root rot. You can water by dipping and draining. Do this about once a week in spring and summer and every couple of weeks in winter.
Choose a suitable pot
Orchids require proper drainage, so select a pot with drainage holes. Moth orchids typically thrive in a well-draining orchid bark mix or sphagnum moss. Avoid using regular potting soil, as it retains too much moisture.
Moth orchids benefit from regular feeding, but it’s important not to overdo it. Use a balanced orchid fertiliser. Generally, fertilise once a month during spring and summer and every couple of months in winter.
If any leaves, stems, or roots on your orchid are dead, yellowing, or diseased, it’s best to trim them off.
Prevent pest infestations
Monitor your orchid for signs of pests like aphids, mealybugs, or scale insects. If you notice any infestation, address it promptly using appropriate insecticides or natural pest control methods.
Avoid sudden temperature changes
Orchids are sensitive to extreme temperature fluctuations. Keep them away from drafts, vents, and areas with rapid temperature changes, such as near heating or cooling appliances.
Repot when necessary
As your orchid grows, it may outgrow its pot. Repotting should be done when the orchid is not blooming. Use fresh potting medium, and be gentle with the roots during the process.