Growing roses

Roses are a flower that you can grow almost anywhere such is their versatility. There is such a variety in colour and scent, you’re almost spoilt for choice. There are a variety of ways to grow them so you can work out what will be best for you and your outdoor space:

Potted roses

Growing roses in containers offers flexibility, allowing you to move them around and control their environment. Choose a large pot with drainage holes and fill it with quality potting soil enriched with organic matter. Plant the rose at the same depth as it was in its nursery container. Ensure the pot receives at least six hours of direct sunlight per day, and water regularly, keeping the soil evenly moist but not waterlogged. Fertilise with rose-specific fertiliser.

Training climbing roses

Climbing roses add vertical interest to your garden when trained to grow on trellises, arches, or fences. Install a sturdy support structure for the rose to climb on, ensuring it can bear the weight of the plant. As the rose grows, tie the main stems to the support structure using soft garden twine or plant ties. Prune climbing roses annually to remove dead or weak wood and to shape the plant. Train new shoots horizontally to encourage the production of more flowers.

Incorporating roses in mixed borders

Roses can be planted alongside other flowering plants to create stunning mixed borders. When choosing companion plants, consider their compatibility with roses in terms of sunlight, soil type, and water requirements. Select plants that complement the rose’s colour and provide contrasting or complimentary blooms. Leave enough space between the roses and other plants to allow for airflow and to prevent competition for resources. Regularly monitor and address any pest or disease issues that may arise.

Planting bare-root roses

Bare root roses are best planted between October and April, during bare root season. This gives them time to establish ready to bloom come summer. Bare-root roses are dormant plants that are sold without soil around their roots. To plant them, soak the roots in water for a few hours before placing them in a hole that is wide and deep enough to accommodate the roots. Backfill the hole with soil, ensuring that the bud is slightly above the soil level. Water thoroughly and provide regular care to help the roses establish.

Growing roses from cuttings

Take a 6- to 8-inch stem cutting from a healthy rose plant in early spring or late autumn. Remove the leaves from the bottom half of the cutting and place the cutting into a pot filled with a well-draining soil mix and keep it consistently moist. Place the pot in a warm, bright location but out of direct sunlight. Over time, the cutting should develop roots and can be transplanted into a larger container or the garden.

Remember, roses generally require ample sunlight (at least six hours per day), well-drained soil, and regular watering and feeding to thrive. Pruning, deadheading spent blooms, and monitoring for pests and diseases are also important aspects of rose care.